Coprophilic dipteran community associated with horse dung in Malaysia

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2015
Authors:C. C. Heo, Latif, B., Kurahashi, H., Hayashi, T., Nazni, W. A., Omar, B.
Date Published:2016/05/04
Keywords:Coprophilic Diptera, horse dung, Lispe kowarzi, Malaysia, Neomyia gavisa., new record, Pyrellia proferens

Blood-sucking flies are known as vectors of pathogens to farm animals worldwide. However, little is known about dipteran biodiversity associated with horse dung in Malaysia which could serve as vectors. Thus, a field trip to a horse farm located in Tanjung Rambutan, Perak, peninsular Malaysia was conducted in 2010. We examined adults and larvae of dipterans associated with 100 horse dung pats. A total of 1480 dipteran specimens from nine families were collected including Sphaeroceridae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae, Calliphoridae, Sepsidae, Tabanidae, Ulidiidae, Dolichopodidae and Milichiidae. The lesser dung fly (Sphaeroceridae) which consisted of four species was the most abundant dipteran followed by sarcophagids and muscids. Seven species of muscids were collected from the horse farm and three of them were haematophagic namely Musca conducens Walker, 1859, Musca ventrosa Wiedemann, 1830 and Stomoxys calcitrans (Linnaeus, 1758). Fly larvae collected from the dung were raised to adult stage and subsequently identified as M. conducens and Neomyia gavisa Walker, 1859. We reported new locality records for three species of Muscidae in Malaysia namely Pyrellia proferens Walker, 1859, Lispe kowarzi Becker, 1903 (new to peninsular) and N. gavisa Walker, 1859.

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